Physical therapy is a sub-area of physiotherapy, in which the medical treatment forms are based, which are based on physical methods.
These principles include heat, direct current, infrared and ultraviolet light, water applications and mechanical treatment, such as massage. Physical therapy is usually used by physicians, physiotherapists or masseurs.
Physical therapy is used whenever pain or functional impairment has occurred due to overload, as a result of wear and tear, after surgery, or after serious injuries such as accidents, strokes. With the help of physical therapies the normal function is to be restored, the patient is relieved of pain, mobility and quality of life are to be improved. By improving the circulation and nutrient supply of the various tissues, responsiveness and general physical fitness are increased.
Multiple therapeutic possibilities in the areas of pain and
Muscle Therapy. Muscle rehabilitation. Blood circulation and homeostasis.
New applications in electrotherapy: Special sports rehabilitation programs. Sequence programs with automatic control of warm-up, training and relaxation phase.
Special muscle rehabiltation Programs for the simultaneous strengthening of the agonists and de-toning of the antagonists.
Mixing of two medium-frequency alternating currents (4 – 5 KHz), which differ only slightly from the frequency or phase-shifted. The superposition of these two circuits occurs in the form of a current with two new frequencies (“interference") in the body.
A low-frequency component in the form of oscillations (rhythmic current intensity fluctuations as in the case of the threshold current) and a medium-frequency component, the carrier frequency “carrying" the oscillations.
Through this hovering frequency the actual therapeutic goals are achieved: sympathetic damping, pain relief, detoning, muscle stimulation, etc. The carrier frequency results in the good sensitivity and the reduction of the skin resistance.
This interference application is often used in spinal disorders, but also in shoulder and neck disorders. This application results in a improvement of the circulation, improvement of painful areas of the muscle and thus a weight loss.
This is a method for the absorption of drugs by the skin.Under the application of a weak electrical current, applied ointments or gels are introduced into the soft tissues. The iontophoresis is used, in particular, in well-accessible arthritis forms, such as arthritis of the fingers and knee joint arthrosis, but also in injuries and muscular disorders.
These are mechanical waves in the ultrasonic range. Ultrasound treatment is used to optimize the therapy of chronic and refractory conditions on the musculoskeletal system. Used in tendon and muscle disorders as well as periosteostomy and in myotendinosis.
Sound and electricity are combined or used separately:
In the simulation process, the combined use is highly efficient in the treatment of functional disorders, e.g. In the context of myofascial pain syndromes. Intensive heat or mechanical action can be metered separately.
Pleasant heat therapy with heat pulses. Tissue-friendly deep warming with soothing warmth.
Therapy with microwave leads to mild warming of musculature and skin. This results in a relaxing and soothing feeling of warmth. Significantly noticeable heat pulses due to two selectable pulse frequencies.
Due to the pulse method, higher intensities can be applied with a constant average power, and thus greater penetration depths can be achieved.
Cold is the physiotherapy agent of choice in sports medicine and traumatology for: muscle injuries, hematomas and swelling. Mnemonic All sports injuries; RICE: Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation
The term “Fango" is derived from the Italian word “fanghi", meaning mud, dirt or curative mud. The Fangoschlamm is obtained in areas of volcanic origin and needs a natural ripening process of more than a year in order to develop its healing power. Fango can be administered in the form of packs, envelopes or baths. Mud packs can be applied cold, hot or hot as required. The most common application areas of mud heat therapy are rheumatic complaints, muscle tensions, chronic diseases of the movement apparatus and the urinary tract. In cold form, Fango is used in light sports injuries. Fangotherapy is undoubtedly one of the oldest spa treatments and has proven itself over the centuries.
Thanks to the long-lasting, deep-reaching and soothing heat effect, in the relief of rheumatic complaints and muscle tension (especially in the back), as well as in the improvement of chronic diseases of the urinary tract, diseases of the movement apparatus (eg lumbalgo, cervial spine syndrome, osteoporosis, arthrosis, etc.), liver and gallbladder disorders Sciatica, neuralgia, respiratory diseases and gynecological complaints. In addition, blood circulation is stimulated, metabolism is stimulated, the immune system is assisted and pain is alleviated. In addition, Fangotherapy prevents arthrosis and metabolic disorders, as well as being anti-inflammatory.
By means of a Glisson sling, a dosed traction force is applied to the cervical spine for extension by a gentle stretching treatment to relieve painful muscle tensions. There is relief from the discomfort and freedom of movement.
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, nerve stimulation for painful muscle tension. The electrical impulses are transmitted via electrodes to the surface of the skin. Usually frequencies between 1 and 100 Hz are used. The electrodes are placed near the painful areas. The stimulus itself is not painful. A tingling sensation is felt on the skin. TENS devices have also been picked up by the “fitness industry" and marketed as sports-replacing devices, which promise to train the affected muscle without sporting activity through a stimulating current.