Recreational sports, broad sport, performance sports – sport is a mass phenomenon and very closely linked to health. Many people are doing sport because it’s fun. Others because it is healthy. Often, sport is also used as a means of therapy, since sport and sporting training, applied correctly, leads to an improved resilience and performance of the human body. Sports medicine is concerned with the influence of exercise and sports on health and also with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of sports injuries. These include, for example, blisters and skin abrasions or more complex sports injuries such as muscle tears, muscle distortions, tendon injuries and joint dislocations
Our body has more than 300 distinct individual muscles, which make up a large part of the body mass. Without these muscles we would be completely motionless. Muscles allow the movement, but also the heart beat and other vital functions. Musculoskeletal injuries are among the most common sports injuries with 10 to 30 percent.
The many bones of our body are connected by joints. This is necessary so that our body is not literally “stiff". These complex structures can be injured in many ways.
Whether as part of a therapy plan or for the prevention of discomfort – at the back school, you become active. Proper movement in everyday life is just as important as the targeted strengthening of the muscles to stabilize the spine. 5 minutes of daily exercise will support and relieve the spine more than a one-time mammoth program in the week. Here you will find tips and hints for daily use.
Tips for sport
Everyone has their own attitude to sport. Some say, “Without sport I can not live.", The others claim: “Sport is murder." The fact that sport has many positive health aspects is certainly undisputed. But you can also make a lot of mistakes. That is why good instruction is important. Clubs, sports groups and good sports studios help. Sports with others is much more fun.
Structure and function of the skeletal musculature
Misalignments and muscular imbalances can hamper an athlete and lead to painful illnesses and injures. For targeted training knowledge about the structure and function of the muscles is important. Therefore, this chapter is discussed in detail.
Anatomy of the joints
Like a puzzle, man’s movement apparatus is composed of different parts. Bones are moved with the help of muscles. However, this mobility is only possible with the aid of joints. Flexibility and strength of the body require a complex co-operating system of joints, ligaments, cartilages, menisci, mucus membranes, muscles and tendons.
Anatomy and physiology of the spine
The spine is the central element in the skeletal system. It not only forms the bony center of the body, it also connects all other parts of the skeleton. Head, chest, arms, pelvis and legs are connected directly or indirectly to the spine. In the control and transmission of stimuli from the environment, the spinal column and the spinal cord located in its interior play a central role.